The Charter of the United Nations defines the function and powers of the Security Council as ‘to ensure prompt and effective action’ and to bear the ‘responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security’. The Security Council is the brain of the United Nations, tasked with the challenge to deliver the visions and mission of the United Nations – peace and security through international cooperation and compromise for the good of humanity. To help fulfill the Security Council’s duty, the body is given significant powers such as to establish peacekeeping operations, impose international sanctions, and authorise military actions – which partly explains the division amongst the Security Council members and its fierce debates.
The Security Council consists of ten elected members, in addition to five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
With the prospect of international cooperation becoming jeopardised and polarisation accelerating, the role of the Security Council and the responsibility of its member states to act collectively to maintain peace and security has never been more important: it is expected that delegates of the highest calibre will engage in discussions and adopt strategies with the aim to generate a resolution.
Topic 1 – The Question of the Legality of the United States’ Operations in Guantanamo Bay
Topic 2 – The Question of Corporate Sovereignty: how should companies be treated in relation to their home nation, and the nations within which they act?
Topic 3 – The Question of Rising Tensions between Russia and NATO in the Baltic Region: what should be done?